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Home » Eye Care Services » Eye Issues and Diseases » Age-Related Macular Degeneration Diagnosis & Treatment

Age-Related Macular Degeneration Diagnosis & Treatment

According to the Canadian Association of Optometrists, AMD – or Age-Related Macular Degeneration is the leading cause of blindness in North America in adults over the age of 55. AMD is a serious condition that can cause permanent damage without early diagnosis, management, and treatment. At Peninsula Lifetime Eyecare Centre, we look for signs of AMD as part of our comprehensive eye exam.

Comprehensive Eye Exams Detect Macular Degeneration Before it Impairs Vision

AMD does not typically present any symptoms until it has already caused significant damage. Eye exams are critical in catching AMD before it causes extensive vision loss.

Diagnosing Macular Degeneration

We use high-tech diagnostic equipment to comprehensively screen for AMD.

Screening for AMD is a standard part of our eye exams for all patients.


  • Amsler grid test – This test can indicate AMD when visual distortions in the grid are noticed. Our opticians will walk you through the test and provide you with an at home version so you can monitor your condition more effectively in between apointments.
  • Ocular coherence tomography This test takes a detailed image of your retina, clearly indicating the presence of leakage, blood or any areas of abnormal blood vessels.
  • Retinal photography

Read more about macular degeneration symptoms and treatment.
Special thanks to the EyeGlass Guide for informational material that aided in the creation of this website. Visit the EyeGlass Guide today!

Our eye doctors in Sidney, BC can help you with an array of eye conditions, including cataracts, conjunctivitis, glaucoma, diabetic eye exam, macular degeneration and more.

AMD Defined

Macular degeneration is a degenerative condition that affects the macula; the portion of the retina responsible for providing clear central vision.

AMD Symptoms
  • Distortions in vision, particularly with straight lines appearing bent or warped
  • Noticeable opaque spots in central vision
  • Decreased colour saturation – everything “dull” or muted
  • Poor low-light vision
  • Difficulty adapting from dark to light or light to dark environments, like entering or leaving a movie theatre
Types of AMD

There are two types of macular degeneration:

Dry AMD – Responsible for about 90% of cases, dry AMD is marked by small yellowish deposits (called drusen) that form on, in, and beneath the retina.

Wet AMD – While responsible for roughly 10% of cases, wet AMD accounts for approximately 90% of severe vision loss due to AMD. This form is caused by irregular blood vessels under the retina that leak and bleed into the retina causing scarring and permanent vision loss.

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